Types Of Coin Damage

Millions of people throughout the world enjoy the enjoyable and informative hobby of coin collecting. The identification of coin damage, however, is a fascinating facet of coin collecting.

The numerous types of coin damage, how to tell if a coin is damaged coins, which coin flaws are valuable, the various mint mistakes, and a list of prominent error coins will all be covered in this article.

Coin Damage

Understanding these characteristics of coin damage as a collector or investor might be essential to making judgments regarding your collection.

How to identify Coin Damage?

A coin must be meticulously inspected for any indications of anomalies in order to determine if it is a mistake. Mistakes can significantly increase a coin’s value because they are typically the consequence of mistakes made during the minting process.

Types of Coin Damage

The following are some crucial signs that your coin might be flawed:

Double or misaligned die

A double die or misaligned die error could be to blame if the design on the coin appears to be doubled or misaligned. This happens when the die that is used to strike the coin is either out of alignment or imprinted with the pattern more than once.

An out-of-centre hit:

When the coin blank, or planchet, is not properly centred on the die during minting, an off-centre strike happens. As a result, the design is distributed unevenly, with certain areas of the image being absent or extending past the edge of the coin.

Cut-off planchet:

Before the coin is struck, a blank area that is missing is known as a clipped planchet mistake. Due to the absence of any design elements in the missing area, this may cause the coin to have an uneven shape.

Wrong planchet:

Coins can occasionally be unintentionally struck on a planchet meant for a different composition or denomination. A dime struck on a penny planchet, for instance, will be thinner and smaller than a regular dime.


Overmintmarks happen when a coin has a mintmark from one mint and is subsequently struck again with one from another. This may cause the coin to have two mint markings.

Examine your coin with a magnifying lens or a microscope to see if it contains a mistake. Take particular attention to any flaws, edges, and design components. A trustworthy coin dealer or guide can also assist you spot any mistakes.

Can coin defects increase their value?

While some coin flaws have little to no effect on a coin’s value, others can considerably raise it. The following prominent coin flaws can be valuable:

Rare minting mistakes

Coins having substantial and uncommon mint flaws, including double or off-metal striking, can be highly prized by investors and collectors. The value of a coin can be considerably impacted by its rarity and degree of inaccuracy.

Variety of dies:

Moreover, coins with special or uncommon die variants, such as doubled dies or repunched mintmarks, may be worth more than their face value. Consulting a coin specialist can be extremely helpful in estimating the value of a die variety fault because these mistakes can be challenging to see without a trained eye.

Coins with historical significance errors:

Due to the circumstances surrounding their manufacturing or discovery, several mistake coins have garnered renown or historical significance. These coins may be valuable, especially if they’re rare or exceptional.

Coins with high-grade errors:

A coin’s value is significantly influenced by its condition. Coin damage with very little wear or error in superb condition can be worth more than the ones with greater problems.

Due to their uncommon appearance or distinctive qualities, several mistake coins have become popular among collectors and are highly sought after. These well-liked mistake coins can therefore fetch greater prices on the market.

Different Mint Errors

A variety of error types can come from mint errors, which can happen at different phases of the coin creation process. Here are a few typical mint mistakes:

Planchet mistakes

It happens when a problem exists with the coin blank or planchet prior to striking. These can involve lamination mistakes where the metal layers separate, clipped planchets, blank planchets, or blank planchets.

Die mistakes

Problems with the dies used to strike the coins cause die mistakes. These can include elevated lines or breaks in the design caused by doubled dies, repunched mintmarks, or die cracks.

Strike mistakes:

Striking mistakes occur when the coin is actually struck. Examples of striking without a collar on the coin include off-center, double, and broad strikes, which give the coin a more encompassing, distorted shape.

Mintmark mistakes:

That happens when the coin’s mintmark is applied improperly or irregularly. This can apply to mintmarks that are overprinted, misplaced, or reversed.

Edge blunders:

Edge mistakes are problems with the coin’s edge, such as lettering that is missing or has two edges, or reading errors where the grooved lines on the coin’s edge are missing or crooked.

The 20 Types Of Errors On Coins

Error Coins List:

Below is a list of prominent mistake coins that have drawn investors’ and collectors’ attention:

1955 Doubled Die Lincoln Cent:

The 1955 doubled die cent, one of the most well-known mistake coins, has a dramatic double-up of the date, the inscriptions, and the portrait of Lincoln.

2000 Sacagawea/Quarter Mule:

This unusual mistake coin was produced on a golden dollar planchet and has the reverse of a Sacagawea dollar and the obverse of a Washington quarter.

1972 Doubled Die Lincoln Cent:

The date and the phrase “IN GOD WE TRUST” are strikingly doubled on the obverse of this mistake coin.

1969-S Doubled Die Lincoln Cent:

The date, inscriptions, and image of Abraham Lincoln on the obverse are substantially doubled on this uncommon and expensive mistake coin.

1982 No Mint Mark Roosevelt Dime:

This mistake dime, which lacks the Philadelphia Mint’s “P” mintmark, is highly prized by collectors.

1943 Copper Penny:

A limited number of 1943 pennies were unintentionally struck in copper instead of the planned steel composition due to a few residual copper planchets from 1942, making them incredibly rare and expensive.

1918/7-D Buffalo Nickel: 

This coin’s overdate problem is caused by the last number of the date being hammered over a 7 that was already struck, giving the impression that “1918” is written over “1917.”

What to do with damaged coins?

There are a few things you can do with damaged coins:

  • Keep them as souvenirs: If the coins have sentimental value to you, you may want to keep them as souvenirs. Even if they are not in good condition, they can still remind you of a special time or place.
  • Sell them to a coin dealer: Some coin dealers may be interested in buying damaged coins, especially if they are rare or valuable. You may not get as much money for them as you would for undamaged coins, but it is still a way to get some value out of them.
  • Submit them to the U.S. Mint Mutilated Coin Redemption Program: The U.S. Mint will reimburse you for the bullion value of damaged coins that are submitted to them. You can find more information about the program on the U.S. Mint website.
  • Recycle them: If you don’t want to keep, sell, or redeem your damaged coins, you can recycle them. The metal in coins is valuable, so it can be recycled and reused.

The best way to deal with damaged coins will depend on your individual circumstances. If you have a sentimental attachment to the coins, you may want to keep them as souvenirs. If you are looking to make some money, you may want to sell them to a coin dealer. And if you don’t want to keep or sell the coins, you can always recycle them.

Some additional things to keep in mind when dealing with Damaged Coins:

  1. Make sure the coins are genuine: If you are planning to sell or redeem your damaged coins, it is important to make sure that they are genuine. There are many counterfeit coins in circulation, so it is important to be able to spot the difference.
  2. Document the condition of the coins: When you submit your damaged coins to the U.S. Mint or sell them to a coin dealer, it is important to document the condition of the coins. This will help to ensure that you receive the correct amount of compensation.
  3. Be aware of the fees involved: There may be fees associated with submitting your damaged coins to the U.S. Mint or selling them to a coin dealer. Be sure to factor these fees into your decision-making process.


Your coin-collecting pastime or investment plan might take on a thrilling new dimension if you have a thorough understanding of the various coin damage and mint mistakes. You can find hidden gems in your collection or make more educated judgments when buying coins if you know how to spot error coins and which flaws might raise a coin’s worth. When in doubt, always seek the advice of trustworthy coin experts or guides, and enjoy your hunt for those elusive mistake coins!